Skip to main content

Music Referencing Guide: Introduction


Last revised 2017

Welcome to the Music Referencing Guide.

The two most commonly used referencing styles at the Elder Conservatorium of Music are:

  • Author-Date style (also known as Harvard style). This style consists of a brief in-text citation (author, date) + a list of the works cited at the end. The works cited list does NOT include wider reading - it includes ONLY those works cited in-text.
  • MLA style (also known as Notes and Bibliography style). This style consists of footnotes for direct in-text citation + a bibliography at the end of works consulted. The bibliography DOES include works consulted in preparation of the essay, even if they have not been directly cited.

Both of these referencing styles, as used by the Conservatorium, follow the guidelines set out in The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed.

It is important to check which style your lecturer wishes you to use, and to apply this rigorously and consistently.

In all referencing styles, the details of punctuation, spacing and use of italics are critically important.

Click on the tabs above to access examples in the referencing style required.

Click here for further resources on academic writing and referencing styles.


Music Librarian

Allison Cox (Music)'s picture
Allison Cox (Music)
Barr Smith Library
University of Adelaide
8313 1064