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Psychology

This guide contains resources from the University Library to help with your study and support your research in Psychology.

APA 7th Referencing

The examples below will help you to understand the basic components of common reference types in the APA 7th style. Refer to the following APA publications for more examples:

APA 7th Referencing Examples

Journal articles:

Here is an example of an APA 7th reference for a journal article:

In-text citation:

(Gold, 2019) or According to Gold (2019) …

In the Reference List:

Description:

Articles are published within Journals.

The author's name is J. Gold. The article title is: Overcoming students' limiting viewpoints via learner & stress mindset teaching interventions. The article was published in The European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences. The article appears in Volume 24, Issue 1, on pages 2805-2821.

Here is an example of a citation for a book:

In-text citation:

(Moran & Toner, 2017) or According to Moran and Toner (2017) …

In the reference list:


Description:

The author’s names are A. Moran and J. Toner. The book title is A critical introduction to sport psychology. It was published by Routledge.

Here is an example of a citation for a chapter from a book:

In-text citation:

(Shah, 2018) or Shah (2018) advocates ...

In the Reference List:

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Description:

The big clue that this is a book chapter citation is the word In. It tells you that the chapter 'Big data analytics in higher education' is in the book Maximizing social science research through publicly accessible data sets, on pages 38-61.

Website

Here is an example of a citation for information from a website:

In-text citation:

(Association of Massage Therapists, n.d.) or The Association of Massage Therapists (n.d.) states that ...

In the Reference List:


Description:

The author’s name is the Association of Massage Therapists. The webpage title is Benefits of massage. There is no date given on the webpage. It was retrieved from the URL: http://www.amt.org.au/massage-and- you/benefits-of-massage.html

*Please note that there are various different ways to reference information found on webpages. Refer to the following guides for more examples:

There are no guidelines regarding nonrecoverable material. The Library recommends following the guidelines for personal communication.
Personal communication is cited in text only (as personal communications cannot be retrieved by the reader, you should not include them in the reference list).

In-text citation

Format:
(Communicator, personal communication, Month Day, Year)

Example:
(OpenAI’s ChatGPT, personal communication, 30th March, 2023)

Acknowledging use of AI tools in research and assignments

If you use generative AI in the development of ideas and concepts for your assignment, you should acknowledge in your bibliography how you used the tool, even if you don’t include any AI generated content in your work.  Provide a description of the AI tool used, how the information was generated, including the prompts you used, and the date accessed. You could add this acknowledgement as a footnote or at the end of your reference list but you should check with the course coordinator to clarify.

Format:
I acknowledge the use of [insert AI system(s) with link] to [how the AI was used]. The prompts used include [list of prompts].

Example:
I acknowledge the use of ChatGPT [https://chat.openai.com/] to generate ideas and material for background research and project planning in the drafting of this assignment. The following prompts were entered into ChatGPT on 30th March 2023:

  • There is no convincing evidence for the existence of life outside of our solar system.