Skip to main content

Referencing - music

A referencing guide for music students

The two most commonly used referencing styles at the Elder Conservatorium of Music are:

  • Harvard style (also known as Author-Date style)
  • MLA style (also known as Notes and Bibliography style)

Both of these referencing styles, as used by the Conservatorium, follow the guidelines set out in The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed.

It is important to check which style your lecturer wishes you to use, and to apply this rigorously and consistently.

In all referencing styles, the details of punctuation, spacing and use of italics are critically important.